Many of us think that if the stone in the diamond engagement ring is bigger, it is fancier and better. But that isn’t correct. When it comes to diamonds, you can find them in several shapes, sizes and qualities. What actually matters when it comes to diamonds are its color, clarity, carat and cut.
These 4 C’s are your answer to this confusion…
Clarity is basically a term to describe the number and size of inclusions and imperfections a diamond has. Almost all the diamonds contain some minor traces of inclusions or non-crystallized carbon (the element from which they were formed). These inclusions in the diamonds are nature’s finger prints on the stones and that’s what makes diamonds unique. Many inclusions cannot be seen by the naked eye and you require magnification to be sure. If the diamond has large flaws, then they interfere with the dispersion of light and with the stone`s excellence. The lesser the inclusions, the rarer the stone is. Every diamond will have some or the other inclusions and for that they are graded accordingly. VVs (Very, very slight inclusions), Vs (Very slight inclusions) and Si (Slight inclusions) flaws cannot be seen to the naked eye.
We always see diamonds as colorless but many of them have hues of yellow or sometimes brown. This can be compared by keeping two diamonds of the different grades besides each other. Diamonds were formed under vigorous pressure and heat, which was intense and traces of the elements in the environment may have been incorporated in their atomic structure, which causes color variations. Diamond colors grade starts at D and continues with the alphabets. The most rare and precious ones, which are colorless are graded as D. The three perfect ones are D, E and F. They are said to be colorless or near colorless. The further the alphabets go, the more color hues are found. There are fancy diamonds too which come out of the ground in colors like red, blue, green, pink and bright yellow. They are high priced and very rare in nature.
Everyone knows that the weight of diamonds is measured in carats. One carat is divided in to 100 points so that a diamond of 20 points is 0.20 carats. The larger the diamond and rarer the stone, the more expensive per carat it will become. Do not get confused between carat and karat. Carat refers to the stone’s weight whereas karat refers to the fineness and purity of gold.
Nature determines the color, clarity and carat weight of a diamond, but it is the art of a true craftsman to refine this beauty. The cut gives every diamond a unique sparkle and excellence by letting maximum light to enter and reflect back out of the diamonds. The stone can be cut in many different shapes. The most common ones are round and princess cut. Other fancy cuts include oval, pear, cushion, marquise, baguette and many more.
So, whether you have a small or large sized diamonds in your diamond pendant or diamond necklace or any other diamond jewelry, it won’t be valuable if it is low clarity, low colored and low carat. A diamond’s value is determined by its rarity.